Css Space Between List Items Horizontally

To simply remove the space around wrapped columns, set align-content to center. In web design, sometimes it is useful to change the bullet color of a list item to some other color besides the text color. Would be thankful to anyone who can explain why and how the table element is used and also if there is a way to decrease the space between the listitems, using css. Add this class to vertically center flex items. The second part is the line item element that we represent in HTML using li > tag. Because the results are from a survey, there are three levels,. This CSS shorthand for the margin property would set the top and bottom margins to a value of 0, while the left and right would use "auto. For instance, I have a list I've set to inline with each item having a border. Whether you are a hardcore developer or designer, you should be familiar with it. Join a community of over 2. The last flexbox property we will look at is the justify-content property, and this property allows you to align your content horizontally. Images can also be floated so they appear horizontally on your site. list-style-image-position-type list-item markers. Letter-Spacing Increase or decrease the space between characters. How do I increase the spacing between check boxes/radio buttons so that when they are inline I can fit longer labels if I have labels that are longer than approximately 16 characters, they return to the next line and I would like them to not do that and be on the one line. 31em (nearly true for Arial/Helvetica, but false for Times New Roman etc. If you are getting your feet. Can anybody help? Thanks very much in advance, -- Patty Ayers | Adobe Community Expert www. I'm having a difficult time finding specific info for my case. If you have to apply the 'RepeatColumns' property, you will need to set the 'Width' property as well. A Super Simple Horizontal Navigation Bar Published September 4, 2009 by CSS Newbies. CSS has a pretty useful property called white-space that probably goes pretty unnoticed among CSS beginners. Set justify-content: space-between on the container, to only create space between the elements (and not between the edge of the parent element and items) Set every item's width to 49% (or something similar that is equal to or less than 50%) Set every third item's width to 100% so that it fills that entire row. Use this property to control the spacing between individual cells in the table. In this post I explain the most common scenarios and how to solve them. Whether you are a hardcore developer or designer, you should be familiar with it. This happened to me today with some icon fonts that use :before and :after pseudoclasses…I disabled my minifier and my review rating icons suddenly had too much space between them even though there was no difference in how any of the css was being applied…. Images can also be floated so they appear horizontally on your site. space-around (where the magic begins): Every element will be rendered with the same amount of space around each item. Does anyone know how to remove this annoying space? Thanks in advance. Left, Center, and Right align. line-height Line height. Regards, Thanes. Arrange Choice Field Radio Buttons Horizontally in SharePoint List Forms. stretch: items are stretched evenly (to the same width) to occupy whole width of the container. The following sections will explain how to float and align images using CSS. The reason seems to be because the TeX engine wants to use up as much space on the page as possible, since the next page is essentially a large image that cannot fit on the current page. If you want make this three divs always horizontally, you have to use classes. You see that? Now use margin: auto on the first list item (branding) and see what happens. I can't figure out how to reduce the space (brown) between the buttons/list items (blue) down to 1 pixel. I'm using some CSS to set the line-height to 150%, and it's working. In HTML output, the list will get a compact="compact" attribute on the list start tag to reduce spacing in the browser. I want the first item on the leftmost side, and the right item on the rightmost side, and the rest distributed in between. Each item can have its own padding value to space each bullet point list item. This property is applied both vertically and horizontally. The second part is the line item element that we represent in HTML using li > tag. I can only seem to have them stack on top of each other. Time for a practical exercise in flexbox! In this tutorial we will use flexbox to create a mobile-first, responsive, toggleable navigation bar with different layouts for mobile, tablet, and desktop screens. You can probably live without this property for quite some time, but once you learn how to use it, it will come in very handy and you'll find yourself going back to it over and over again. The middle container needs some space around it and all of the items in each container should be centered horizontally. Hi, I need to be able to reduce the default space between a bullet and the text that follows it. This rule defines the default and visited link classes for our menu items. Learn how text-align works in CSS. How should the code be modified to do so? li. Change the transition direction, the position of the middle color and choose between RGB or HEX codes. The values you can specify here are center, flex-start, flex-end, space-between, and space-around. You want the round bit of the image to appear in the middle of the list item, so you should use a background position of left center. When the display area is narrowed, so that list item contents wrap, the effect is probably rather disturbing. Aligning items in the center (and justifying the content in the center) means we have both horizontally AND vertically centered content! Whoa! Vertical centering is especially tough in CSS, but Flexbox gives you a way to do it easily. Arrange Choice Field Radio Buttons Horizontally in SharePoint List Forms. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Set the size. Thanks for catching that! I removed the extra paragraph and because I am using 4. Flexbox vs CSS Grid: A Practical Example. But if there. Spacing between list items on bulleted list. Browser support. In this list i would like a dynamic number of items, ie 4 - 10 items. A few simple transitions can make a huge difference. Padding refers to the space between UI elements. Recently, we took a dive into the very core concepts behind CSS layout and explored the differences between absolute and relative positioning. Viewing 9 posts - 1 through 9 (of 9 total) Author. Your code works just fine. Because the results are from a survey, there are three levels,. We have trained over 90,000 students from over 16,000 organizations on technologies such as Microsoft ASP. If we wanted to add functionality to show a hover state or which page a user was currently on, we'd use JavaScript. Radio button RadioButtonList listitem. Use the text container component to wrap and automatically add the correct spacing between a set of paragraphs, lists, or other textual components. I have a list that I've created with the list-style-type being an image. There's a popular myth floating around that. This is what we actually want for our example page, so go ahead and update the justify-content line: justify-content: space-between;. I'm not super good at HTML coding and it seems like the standard spacing insert code doesn't always work. We're going to try a few different things with CSS, but we'll be sticking with the following basic HTML structure:. I would like to create a horizontal navigation. Set justify-content: space-between on the container, to only create space between the elements (and not between the edge of the parent element and items) Set every item's width to 49% (or something similar that is equal to or less than 50%) Set every third item's width to 100% so that it fills that entire row. April 21, 2017. Here's a handy trick! When you set the display of list items to inline-block, because you want to align them horizontally, you'll notice a default margin. They all have equal space between each other. This is because all inherit/automatic spacing between each item is ignored. Transitions in space. To center the items in the div it's easiest to think about them as flowing in a column and then centering them on the cross axis. stretch: items are stretched evenly (to the same width) to occupy whole width of the container. This chooses a key object and activates more align options. to help you understand how CSS properties are used to style web pages. The one-page guide to CSS Grid: usage, examples, links, snippets, and more. How to display a horizontally scrolling list next to a fixed item? Tag: html , css I am trying to display a list of images (equal height) in a horizontally scrolling div. list-style-image-position-type list-item markers. Images can be aligned left, right, and center using the div tag and an inline CSS style. Use the text container component to wrap and automatically add the correct spacing between a set of paragraphs, lists, or other textual components. The first and last flex items have been packed flush against the main-start and main-end respectively, while the available space is now placed between them. It doesn't matter much which item as the items are having space put between them. Can anyone help me please. Does anyone know how to remove this annoying space? Thanks in advance. This solution is a combination between the first two, we are targeting exactly which fields we want to align and also, we are applying these changes only to desktop screen sizes, the form fields will not be aligned horizontally on mobile devices. Normally a HTML-list is displayed vertically, which means that each entry is below the previous entry. Hi, how can I change the space between two radio button items (table view, horizontal)? If I change the cellspacing value, the distance is growing, but the control grows too. This one is no fun at all and may make you abandon the inline-block method and stick to the float method. Your code works just fine. Watch a 3 minute video on properties like align-content with interactive demos. There are two types of Lists in HTML. Hi, I need to be able to reduce the default space between a bullet and the text that follows it. Different values exist but justify-content: space-between will maximize. Aligning items in the center (and justifying the content in the center) means we have both horizontally AND vertically centered content! Whoa! Vertical centering is especially tough in CSS, but Flexbox gives you a way to do it easily. You can see this gap in the former example between the list items. This doesn't seem to validate, when i use a. decrease distance between page and menu pique theme, dropdown code with spaces, how to change the space between two menu items in netbenas, css code to reduce space between menu items, decrease nav spacing in css3; simple html css drop down menu, css3 menu maker. Usually when you want a horizontal list, you need to use float in the CSS code to make it work, with all its drawbacks. Another common use case is to group flex items along the main axis. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. The one-page guide to CSS Grid: usage, examples, links, snippets, and more. I would like to distribute a few list items horizontally on a bar, and I want to make the code modular so it automatically adjusts the space between items when I insert more. I am trying to make a nice set of items, which are equally spaced from each other. The middle container needs some space around it and all of the items in each container should be centered horizontally. The space it needs is taken from its two siblings, and is divided in 4: 3 quarters are taken from the red item; 1 quarter is taken from the yellow item. With CSS grid layout, the grid itself within its container as well as grid items can be positioned with the following 6 properties: justify-items, align-items, justify-content, align-content, justify-self and align-self. So far, I've gotten the images to line up horizontally, but the spacing is off & everything is shifted left. It is the technology used to style web pages that are displayed on web browsers. I occurs to me that, while I've written tutorials on tabbed navigation bars, dropdown navigation bars, and even horizontal dropdown navigation bars, I've never stopped to explain how to build a basic, no-frills horizontal navigation bar. Hi, I need to be able to reduce the default space between a bullet and the text that follows it. ), the limit for the negative word-spacing that prevents words from overlapping (true for FF and IE8+, almost true for Opera, but false for WebKit and IE7-) and the WebKit bug that word-spacing is completely ignored for inline-blocks. I use 8 images which are the same width 166, height 40. CSS Flexbox is a layout module for arranging and aligning elements on the page. The CSS code will create greater space. A few simple transitions can make a huge difference. I remove all padding and margins from the list (and it's items) like within a CSS reset mechanism and then scale the items themselves. The below image shows a box with two axis, one is Main Axis (i. Equally spacing elements across a horizontal area so that the first and last items…. I'd like to distribute 3 image thumbnails across a 940px div in order to line up with the rest of my content. How can I get horizontal rows in html? And to make sure that there is spacing between the images? Thanks!. When this bug is fixed, the inline-blocks will be “squeezed” a bit because. space-between; } Once we have both the list of. In this example, the green item wants to fill 100% of the width. I'm still having the same problem! Can't find the right CSS code to align div elements properly in horizontal rows, floated left, without leaving a big space before the element starting in the second row. Specifies the type of list-item marker, and is used if. The second part is the line item element that we represent in HTML using li > tag. Choose how to distribute the space. Time for a practical exercise in flexbox! In this tutorial we will use flexbox to create a mobile-first, responsive, toggleable navigation bar with different layouts for mobile, tablet, and desktop screens. Join a community of over 2. Does anyone know how to remove this annoying space? Thanks in advance. It's an alternative spacing method to keylines, measured in increments of 8dp or 4dp. We're going to try a few different things with CSS, but we'll be sticking with the following basic HTML structure:. Alternatively, use justify-content: space-around to distribute the children with space around them, rather than between them. Here's my deal. col-sm-* classes are applied for width 768px and above. Things get more interesting with space-between, which give equal spacing between items but not on the ends, while space-around gives equal spacing to the ends as well. Do what you're comfortable with. Spacing between list items on bulleted list. CSS d isplay: i nline-block: why it rocks, and why it sucks Published on Wednesday, February 24, 2010. spaces between links Hello! Would you happen to know why when we open a space between Link1 and and you run this HTML page, the browser closes all the default white spaces between the links, so the links end up one after the other without any space between them. Best Practices for List Spacing (both UL & OL) HTML & CSS. What if you could build complex CSS layouts in minutes? Flexbox is a new CSS layout spec that makes it easy to construct dynamic layouts. Cascading Style Sheets Cheatsheet &66 page 1 of 2 Defines an additional amount of space between words. Each item can have its own padding value to space each bullet point list item. Creating the Horizontal Navigation Bar. This CSS shorthand for the margin property would set the top and bottom margins to a value of 0, while the left and right would use "auto. How to display a horizontally scrolling list next to a fixed item? Tag: html , css I am trying to display a list of images (equal height) in a horizontally scrolling div. All items can have equal amount of space among them or the space can be set for each item individually. Generally speaking, when a series of blocks are floated left or right, they align horizontally and wrap around when they reach the maximum width of their container. com This article shows you how to centre (or "center" if you use a different variant of English) a DIV block, whether it contains text, graphics, or a mixture of both, using standards-compliant Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). This is due to the default styling of list items in the browser. Display: block is the declaration that enables the entire link box to be "hot" or "clickable". To increase the space between items we are going to use the ItemSpacing property which can have any value from 0 to 255. Choose how to distribute the space. Regards, Thanes. Spacing between list items on bulleted list. This is good for displaying images like a gallery. The stack component can be used to arrange arbitrary components in a horizontal row or vertical stack with space in between. Webucator provides instructor-led training to students throughout the US and Canada. I want to know how to remove this whitespace so the content on the page is inline horizontally with the grey navigation links on the left side of the page. Here's a simple CSS snippet I use to increase the indent and spacing around and between items in bullet lists in the Divi Theme text module:. A problem with using display: inline on your list items is that, since they’re inline elements, the white space in-between the elements will translate to a space the width of a regular space of the font. What if you could build complex CSS layouts in minutes? Flexbox is a new CSS layout spec that makes it easy to construct dynamic layouts. stretch: items are stretched evenly (to the same width) to occupy whole width of the container. The list-style-image CSS property does not give you control over the positioning of the image used as bullet. This entry was posted in Working with CSS and tagged css , HTML , list , menu. The only help is converting the HTML code to this form:. We're going to try a few different things with CSS, but we'll be sticking with the following basic HTML structure:. I am trying to make a nice set of items, which are equally spaced from each other. Applies to See also. Here's a handy trick! When you set the display of list items to inline-block, because you want to align them horizontally, you'll notice a default margin. The spacing between list items in an orderedlist or itemizedlist element can be minimized by the document author by adding a spacing="compact" attribute to the list element. Using grids that are 'flexible' is so easy to predict how each element behaves on different screen sizes. The first item is positioned at the left edge, while the last item is positioned at the right edge. The one-page guide to CSS Grid: usage, examples, links, snippets, and more. Adjusting the average distance between words to improve legibility or to fit block of text into a given amount of space. between paragraphs. What makes matters worse is the techniques that do work for vertical centering are obscure and unintuitive, while the obvious choices (like vertical-align:middle ) never seem to work when. You can probably live without this property for quite some time, but once you learn how to use it, it will come in very handy and you'll find yourself going back to it over and over again. I'm not super good at HTML coding and it seems like the standard spacing insert code doesn't always work. Tutorial created using: Windows XP In another tutorial , we saw how an HTML W list could be displayed horizontally by changing the "display" property for the list items to be "inline". I'm still having the same problem! Can't find the right CSS code to align div elements properly in horizontal rows, floated left, without leaving a big space before the element starting in the second row. elements within it. has been opened in a text editor 3 • A rule has been added to display header, article, aside, figure, figcaption, hgroup, section, and nav elements as. CSS has a pretty useful property called white-space that probably goes pretty unnoticed among CSS beginners. HOME HTML5 CSS3 JAVASCRIPT JQUERY BOOTSTRAP4 PHP7 SQL REFERENCES EXAMPLES FAQ SNIPPETS Online HTML Editor. ), the limit for the negative word-spacing that prevents words from overlapping (true for FF and IE8+, almost true for Opera, but false for WebKit and IE7-) and the WebKit bug that word-spacing is completely ignored for inline-blocks. But my bad luck, i cannot make it. (If the leftover free-space is negative, the flex items will overflow equally in both directions. 1em" on top and bottom of the list items. Margin can be set on the top, bottom or top and bottom of each list item. The navigation links don't look right though. uk-flex-bottom: Add this class to align flex items to the bottom. Hi, How to provide space between First ListItem and Second ListItem in RadioButtonList ? in asp. I'm still having the same problem! Can't find the right CSS code to align div elements properly in horizontal rows, floated left, without leaving a big space before the element starting in the second row. Letter-Spacing Increase or decrease the space between characters. We're going to try a few different things with CSS, but we'll be sticking with the following basic HTML structure:. For instance, I have a list I've set to inline with each item having a border. This chooses a key object and activates more align options. The gap comes from the white-space between inline-elements present in your. CSS: Equally Spaced Horizontal Elements. My solution is turn the all list items into one line. Here's the result: Vertical centering Aligning one item. Now your menu is ready, assign links, add some fancy colors and background and your are good to go. By setting flex-grow to 1, the amount of positive free space is equally divided between flex items. Using CSS classes provides another benefit, too — we can distinguish between images placed on the right and images placed on the left, and set appropriate margins on only the side that is needed. Tabs don't have to be horizontal but they usually are so our first step is going to be to create a horizontal list. Creating a Horizontal Menu using HTML and CSS A website navigation menu is one of the most important must-haves for any website. By combining CSS Grid and Flexbox, we can make cards which align neatly, behave responsively, and which adapt to the content within them. You want the round bit of the image to appear in the middle of the list item, so you should use a background position of left center. Flexbox vs CSS Grid: A Practical Example. The php code for the template in question defines:. Each item will get its width increased by 136px , totaling 196px [7]. space-between; } Once we have both the list of. Things get more interesting with space-between, which give equal spacing between items but not on the ends, while space-around gives equal spacing to the ends as well. Here is the simple HTML and CSS to create a basic list menu. CSS for spacing BETWEEN paragraphs & bullets? If this is your first visit, be sure to check out the FAQ by clicking the link above. The hope is that we can get this list displaying horizontal with equal spacing between the list items. This happened to me today with some icon fonts that use :before and :after pseudoclasses…I disabled my minifier and my review rating icons suddenly had too much space between them even though there was no difference in how any of the css was being applied…. CSS3 @keyframes Control the intermediate steps in a CSS animation l left Left position of a positioned element. A collection of CSS3 examples covering topics like color, background, fonts, alignment etc. Add vertical spacing between two radio buttons What is JotForm? JotForm is a free online form builder which helps you create online forms without writing a single line of code. Gotta love IE! There might be another spacing problem below that for IE6, but I'll let you figure it out. This rule defines the default and visited link classes for our menu items. If we wanted to add functionality to show a hover state or which page a user was currently on, we'd use JavaScript. We can do this using CSS. I've got a large list, all bulleted in a new website, and for the life of meI can't figure out how to add a bit more space between them How can I increase space between bullets in HTML? | Warrior Forum - The #1 Digital Marketing Forum & Marketplace. Margins and paddings doesn't change a thing. The flex CSS property lets you specify how the space should be distributed amongst the different flexbox items in relative terms. Margin can be set on the top, bottom or top and bottom of each list item. By combining CSS Grid and Flexbox, we can make cards which align neatly, behave responsively, and which adapt to the content within them. For example, perhaps you have a bulleted list, and you want to keep the text black, but make the bullets green. The image is centered vertically. A collection of CSS3 examples covering topics like color, background, fonts, alignment etc. Tutorial created using: Windows XP In another tutorial , we saw how an HTML W list could be displayed horizontally by changing the "display" property for the list items to be "inline". For your List Controls. It doesn't require negative margins or padding hacks, which will lead you to only struggle more. I'm not super good at HTML coding and it seems like the standard spacing insert code doesn't always work. Spacing between list items on bulleted list. CSS Flexbox is a layout module for arranging and aligning elements on the page. Applies to See also. Hi, I need to be able to reduce the default space between a bullet and the text that follows it. line-height Line height. The first and last flex items have been packed flush against the main-start and main-end respectively, while the available space is now placed between them. I occurs to me that, while I've written tutorials on tabbed navigation bars, dropdown navigation bars, and even horizontal dropdown navigation bars, I've never stopped to explain how to build a basic, no-frills horizontal navigation bar. After a first paragraph detailing the CSS rules that will apply to the three techniques, I will describe in the next paragraphs the following techniques:. I want to know how to remove this whitespace so the content on the page is inline horizontally with the grey navigation links on the left side of the page. How to remove the space between inline-block elements. CSS d isplay: i nline-block: why it rocks, and why it sucks Published on Wednesday, February 24, 2010. In this article, I'll explain the difference and show you how to control both properties. Align background image with multiple images, fixes solutions and more at expert guidance from tutorialmines only!. The space-between value is similar, but it only adds that extra space between items. 6m developers to have your questions answered on RadioButtonList need more space between the rows of items of UI for ASP. There's a popular myth floating around that. The last CSS selector will remove a bullet from the first item, which is ideal in for design in some circumstances. There's ALWAYS white space between the items. We're going to follow that up with another CSS layout talk, this time based around a fundamental question that almost every new developer asks: how do you center something?. Webucator provides instructor-led training to students throughout the US and Canada. I'd like to distribute 3 image thumbnails across a 940px div in order to line up with the rest of my content. I'm using some CSS to set the line-height to 150%, and it's working. Because the results are from a survey, there are three levels,. Padding also defines the space between the text and surrounding elements that are placed on right or left side or the top or bottom. Images can be aligned left, right, and center using the div tag and an inline CSS style. HTML / CSS Forums on Bytes. IntegralUI ListBox allows you to change the space between items using item spacing, margin and padding. Distance between flexbox items. Here is a simple way to do that. Padding also defines the space between a leading list item and those that follow. NET AJAX Button. In our case, to solve the space between list items, you must set font size 0 to main and another normal font size (14 pixles for example) for list items. spaces between links Hello! Would you happen to know why when we open a space between Link1 and and you run this HTML page, the browser closes all the default white spaces between the links, so the links end up one after the other without any space between them. Another common use case is to group flex items along the main axis. But for some reasons you might want to display the list vertically, e. CSS d isplay: i nline-block: why it rocks, and why it sucks Published on Wednesday, February 24, 2010. Gotta love IE! There might be another spacing problem below that for IE6, but I'll let you figure it out. Tabs don't have to be horizontal but they usually are so our first step is going to be to create a horizontal list. If the leftover free-space is negative or there is only a single flex item on the line, this value is identical to flex-start. it was due to the spaces between the containing tags. To increase the space between items we are going to use the ItemSpacing property which can have any value from 0 to 255. In flexbox it is often desired to apply a fixed or minimum margin between items, without adding a margin in between items and the edges of the container. With the arrival of CSS Grid, we have an alternative to Flexbox. Hi, how can I change the space between two radio button items (table view, horizontal)? If I change the cellspacing value, the distance is growing, but the control grows too. CSS Layout Tutorial: From Classic Approaches to the Latest Techniques Laureano Martin Arcanio Laureano is a web developer and designer with a variety of skills gained over the last 15 years, working with clients such as Intel. This is what we actually want for our example page, so go ahead and update the justify-content line: justify-content: space-between;. CSS stands for Cascading Style Sheets. Learn how to align images in div in html using css with center, right, left, bottom, vertically and horizontally with examples. This is chapter 2 of the book Cascading Style Sheets, designing for the Web, by Håkon Wium Lie and Bert Bos (2nd edition, 1999, Addison Wesley, ISBN -201-59625-3) As we explained in the previous chapter, HTML elements enable Web page designers to mark up a document as to its structure. Creating a pure CSS horizontal navigation bar of text provides precious little control over spacing around and between the links. Best Practices for List Spacing (both UL & OL) HTML & CSS. Just like before, the value we want to specify is center. On example below, I set buttons between empty textview. It doesn't require negative margins or padding hacks, which will lead you to only struggle more. This is mainly a problem of inline-level elements themselves. Until now, that is. I hoping for padding, but i will take what ever puts an equal space between the items. Different values exist but justify-content: space-between will maximize. Here is the simple HTML and CSS to create a basic list menu. Images can be aligned left, right, and center using the div tag and an inline CSS style. Learn how text-align works in CSS. How to Remove Spacing Between Table Borders with CSS. This chooses a key object and activates more align options. A Gap Between Inline-Level Elements Is Breaking the Layout. The interactive example below use Grid Layout to demonstrate some of the values of this property. To center the items in the div it's easiest to think about them as flowing in a column and then centering them on the cross axis. HTML / CSS Forums on Bytes. CSS presentation styles allow us to set the list to run on one line instead of a separate line for each list item. If a new solution is provided by Flexbox I ignore the old techniques because we need to move forward, and Flexbox is supported by browsers since years, IE10 included. Because the flex-shrink value is relative, its behaviour depends on the value of the flexbox item siblings. horizontal axis) and Cross Axis (i. They are stacked on top of each other instead of lining up horizontally. By the way, this method hooks on columns and doesn't need additional div's or inner containers. Usually when you want a horizontal list, you need to use float in the CSS code to make it work, with all its drawbacks. I'm not super good at HTML coding and it seems like the standard spacing insert code doesn't always work. Align background image with multiple images, fixes solutions and more at expert guidance from tutorialmines only!. After searching all and sundry, I came up with the following CSS, that unfortunately does not work in FireFox:. But the two are not quite the same thing. Learn how to align images in div in html using css with center, right, left, bottom, vertically and horizontally with examples. Alternatively, use justify-content: space-around to distribute the children with space around them, rather than between them. It's an alternative spacing method to keylines, measured in increments of 8dp or 4dp. Watch a 3 minute video on properties like align-content with interactive demos. Well organized and easy to understand Web building tutorials with lots of examples of how to use HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, PHP, Python, Bootstrap, Java and XML. How to add a divider between menu items in css using only one selector By Jack Reichert July 31 2011 A popular way for dividing between menu items, or elements in general is the single border. While this may create the impression of separation of list items, it's deceptive. Tutorial created using: Windows XP In another tutorial , we saw how an HTML W list could be displayed horizontally by changing the "display" property for the list items to be "inline". CSS Flexbox is a layout module for arranging and aligning elements on the page. Using grids that are 'flexible' is so easy to predict how each element behaves on different screen sizes. You can distribute the space horizontally or vertically, and with any amount of spacing you like. The fact-checkers, whose work is more and more important for those who prefer facts over lies, police the line between fact and falsehood on a day-to-day basis, and do a great job. Today, my small contribution is to pass along a very good overview that reflects on one of Trump’s favorite overarching falsehoods. Namely: Trump describes an America in which everything was going down the tubes under  Obama, which is why we needed Trump to make America great again. And he claims that this project has come to fruition, with America setting records for prosperity under his leadership and guidance. “Obama bad; Trump good” is pretty much his analysis in all areas and measurement of U.S. activity, especially economically. Even if this were true, it would reflect poorly on Trump’s character, but it has the added problem of being false, a big lie made up of many small ones. Personally, I don’t assume that all economic measurements directly reflect the leadership of whoever occupies the Oval Office, nor am I smart enough to figure out what causes what in the economy. But the idea that presidents get the credit or the blame for the economy during their tenure is a political fact of life. Trump, in his adorable, immodest mendacity, not only claims credit for everything good that happens in the economy, but tells people, literally and specifically, that they have to vote for him even if they hate him, because without his guidance, their 401(k) accounts “will go down the tubes.” That would be offensive even if it were true, but it is utterly false. The stock market has been on a 10-year run of steady gains that began in 2009, the year Barack Obama was inaugurated. But why would anyone care about that? It’s only an unarguable, stubborn fact. Still, speaking of facts, there are so many measurements and indicators of how the economy is doing, that those not committed to an honest investigation can find evidence for whatever they want to believe. Trump and his most committed followers want to believe that everything was terrible under Barack Obama and great under Trump. That’s baloney. Anyone who believes that believes something false. And a series of charts and graphs published Monday in the Washington Post and explained by Economics Correspondent Heather Long provides the data that tells the tale. The details are complicated. Click through to the link above and you’ll learn much. But the overview is pretty simply this: The U.S. economy had a major meltdown in the last year of the George W. Bush presidency. Again, I’m not smart enough to know how much of this was Bush’s “fault.” But he had been in office for six years when the trouble started. So, if it’s ever reasonable to hold a president accountable for the performance of the economy, the timeline is bad for Bush. GDP growth went negative. Job growth fell sharply and then went negative. Median household income shrank. The Dow Jones Industrial Average dropped by more than 5,000 points! U.S. manufacturing output plunged, as did average home values, as did average hourly wages, as did measures of consumer confidence and most other indicators of economic health. (Backup for that is contained in the Post piece I linked to above.) Barack Obama inherited that mess of falling numbers, which continued during his first year in office, 2009, as he put in place policies designed to turn it around. By 2010, Obama’s second year, pretty much all of the negative numbers had turned positive. By the time Obama was up for reelection in 2012, all of them were headed in the right direction, which is certainly among the reasons voters gave him a second term by a solid (not landslide) margin. Basically, all of those good numbers continued throughout the second Obama term. The U.S. GDP, probably the single best measure of how the economy is doing, grew by 2.9 percent in 2015, which was Obama’s seventh year in office and was the best GDP growth number since before the crash of the late Bush years. GDP growth slowed to 1.6 percent in 2016, which may have been among the indicators that supported Trump’s campaign-year argument that everything was going to hell and only he could fix it. During the first year of Trump, GDP growth grew to 2.4 percent, which is decent but not great and anyway, a reasonable person would acknowledge that — to the degree that economic performance is to the credit or blame of the president — the performance in the first year of a new president is a mixture of the old and new policies. In Trump’s second year, 2018, the GDP grew 2.9 percent, equaling Obama’s best year, and so far in 2019, the growth rate has fallen to 2.1 percent, a mediocre number and a decline for which Trump presumably accepts no responsibility and blames either Nancy Pelosi, Ilhan Omar or, if he can swing it, Barack Obama. I suppose it’s natural for a president to want to take credit for everything good that happens on his (or someday her) watch, but not the blame for anything bad. Trump is more blatant about this than most. If we judge by his bad but remarkably steady approval ratings (today, according to the average maintained by 538.com, it’s 41.9 approval/ 53.7 disapproval) the pretty-good economy is not winning him new supporters, nor is his constant exaggeration of his accomplishments costing him many old ones). I already offered it above, but the full Washington Post workup of these numbers, and commentary/explanation by economics correspondent Heather Long, are here. On a related matter, if you care about what used to be called fiscal conservatism, which is the belief that federal debt and deficit matter, here’s a New York Times analysis, based on Congressional Budget Office data, suggesting that the annual budget deficit (that’s the amount the government borrows every year reflecting that amount by which federal spending exceeds revenues) which fell steadily during the Obama years, from a peak of $1.4 trillion at the beginning of the Obama administration, to $585 billion in 2016 (Obama’s last year in office), will be back up to $960 billion this fiscal year, and back over $1 trillion in 2020. (Here’s the New York Times piece detailing those numbers.) Trump is currently floating various tax cuts for the rich and the poor that will presumably worsen those projections, if passed. As the Times piece reported: